The Isle of Man – Place of the slow rhythm | Travel – Resorts, List, Photo

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The Isle of Man – Place of the slow rhythm

by Administrator on Oct 11th, 2010



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The Isle of Guy is positioned from the Irish Sea among the islands of Fantastic Britain and Eire, inside the British Isles. It is really a gorgeous IS with breathtaking scenery, spoilt seashores along with a relaxed tempo of existence. By aircraft or boat, that it is inside of uncomplicated attain of England, Scotland, Eire and Wales. For the hundreds of readers who’re welcomed right here calendar year immediately after calendar year, that it is an unforgettable getaway and brief break vacation spot. It is an excellent location to getaway, reside and perform.

To get a very small is the Isle of Gentleman packs an extraordinary range of sights. Victorian railways rubbing shoulders with world-class road-racing occasions, popular historic fortresses along with the world’s biggest water wheel would be the popular sights. The fields are complete of unusual spectacular orchids and sees loaded with wrecks. This is definitely a steeped in myths and legends but totally contemporary in outlook; happy with its abundant previous and optimistic about its long term. To pay a visit to the Isle of Dude would be to knowledge a earth of dramatic and uncommon contrasts – aged and new, city and region, land and sea – all infused with all the laid-back heat and friendliness for which the Island’s folks are renowned.: Coast, Countryside, Heritage, Tradition, Railways and Motor sport are a number of the Island’s chief locations of curiosity of site visitors.

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101 Questions that Empower You – Sources of Insight


Are you asking the right questions? Inspiring minds want to know. The right question can be just the right prompt to inspire you to action, gain better perspective, or help you make the most of any situation.

Here is a set of 101 of my favorite questions that I draw from whether it’s to shape my day, solve a problem, figure out next steps, or get “on path.”

  1. What’s the way forward?
  2. What do you want your life to be about?
  3. Who do you want to be and what experiences do you want to create?
  4. How does that serve you in terms of who you are and who you want to be?
  5. Are you giving your best where you have your best to give?
  6. What do you want to accomplish?
  7. What do you want to do more of each day? … What do you want to spend your time doing more of?
  8. What do you want to spend less time on?
  9. If this situation were to never change, what’s the one quality I need to truly enjoy it?
  10. If not now, when?
  11. If not you, who?
  12. What’s right with this picture? (if you always ask, “What’s wrong with this picture?”, this is a nice switch)
  13. How can you make the most of the situation? … If there are no good options, what’s the best play I can make for this scenario?
  14. Who else shares this problem? … Who would solve this problem well? (a great way to find models and learn from the best)
  15. What would <famous or interesting person XYZ> do?” … How would I respond if I were Bob Hope? … Leonardo da Vinci? … Guy Kawasaki? … Seth Godin? … etc. (this is a great way to come up with new ideas or plays for your situation)
  16. What are you pointing your camera at? (a simple way to direct your day on a scene by scene basis)
  17. What’s good enough for now?
  18. What can you be the best at in the world?
  19. What’s the most effective thing for me to focus on?
  20. Are you asking the right question? … Is that the right question?
  21. How is that relevant?
  22. What’s that based on?
  23. What’s the goal? … What are the goals?
  24. What would success look like?
  25. What do you need to be successful? … What do you need to be successful in this situation?
  26. Is it working? … Is it effective?
  27. What do you measure? … What are the metrics?
  28. What are the tests for success?
  29. How do you know it’s working?
  30. How do you know when you’re done?
  31. What did you expect?
  32. Are you creating the results you want?
  33. Does it matter?
  34. Will it matter in 100 years?
  35. Is it worth the effort?
  36. What actions have I taken? … What steps have I tried? ( a great sanity check when you’re testing your ability to take action)
  37. What’s next?
  38. What do you want to do?
  39. What’s best for you?
  40. What’s the best thing for now?
  41. What’s your next best thing to do?
  42. Is that a good idea?
  43. So what? Now what?
  44. What’s the problem?
  45. What’s the threat?
  46. What’s the concern?
  47. When do you want it by? … You want what by when?
  48. Who needs to do what when?
  49. Who needs to do what differently?
  50. Who should do what when?
  51. What would you have them do differently?
  52. What’s wearing you down?
  53. What’s lifting you up?
  54. Why do you get up in the morning and come to work?
  55. What do you want to experience? … What do you want to experience more of?
  56. What are you trading? … What are you trading up for?
  57. What did you learn that you can use next time?
  58. What would you do differently next time around?
  59. Where’s the growth?
  60. What would people pay you for?
  61. Do you want to run towards or away from the problem?
  62. How big is the pie, how big is your slice?
  63. Does it make business sense?
  64. Is it business critical?
  65. What’s our capacity?
  66. What’s our constraint?
  67. What are the KPIs (Key Performance Indicators)?
  68. What’s our core business?
  69. What does the market want?
  70. Is it push, pull or indifferent?
  71. What’s the trend?
  72. What to cut back on?
  73. What does the pro know that you don’t? (this is a good way to figure out if knowledge or insight can make a difference)
  74. Now what are you going to do about it?
  75. Can you teach it to someone else?
  76. How can I use this?
  77. What do you want to say?
  78. What’s the right thing to do?
  79. Is now the right time?
  80. Is this the right forum?
  81. How much time do you have?
  82. What are you making time for?
  83. How much time should you make for it?
  84. What can you do all day long?
  85. What are you spending the bulk of your time on?
  86. Does your schedule reflect your priorities?
  87. If you had all the time in the world, how would you spend your time?
  88. If you had all the money in the world, how would you spend it?
  89. Where are we on the map?
  90. What would make life more wonderful for you?
  91. How can you chunk it down?
  92. How fast can you do it?
  93. What’s the impact?
  94. What would you like to have happen? … What would you like instead?
  95. What’s the opposite of that?
  96. How might that be true?
  97. What are you seeing that I’m not?
  98. What did you see, what did you hear?
  99. What’s the writing on the wall?
  100. What’s their story?
  101. Who’s stopping you? … What’s stopping you? … What’s holding you back?

What questions drive you? … Share your favorite question in the comments.

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5 Best Heart Foods : Heart Health : Men’s Health Spotlight :

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* Basics What You Need to Do
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5 Best Heart Foods

5 foods that can help rein in out-of-control cholesterol

By: Phillip Rhodes, Illustrations by: Eboy

1. Almonds

These nuts provide a rich source of cholesterol-lowering sterols, but Christopher Gardner, Ph.D., a cholesterol researcher at Stanford University, credits monounsaturated fat with most of the benefit. Unlike saturated fat, the mono kind doesn’t block the removal of LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream.

2. Apples

Earlier this year, Cornell University researchers found that eating one Red Delicious apple a day can block LDL oxidation, resulting in an 8 percent drop in levels. Bonus: Apples (and their skins) contain soluble fiber, the kind that scrubs artery walls clean. Cut one up and mix it into your oatmeal, another top source.

3. Beans

Much has been made of soybeans’ ability to overcome everything from cholesterol to cancer. Gardner isn’t convinced: “I’m not sure how much of the health benefit is soy versus what soy displaces.” When it comes to controlling cholesterol, he says, that means substituting a vegetable patty for a fatty beef burger and topping your salad with edamame or kidney beans instead of chicken tenders a couple of times a week.

4. Blueberries

Similar to the resveratrol in grapes, pterostilbene, an antioxidant found in blueberries, can stimulate liver cells to better break down fat and cholesterol, according to USDA scientists.

5. Fish

Two weekly servings of fatty fish, like salmon, can lower LDL by 20 percent. Tufts University scientists found that, in high enough quantities, the omega-3 fatty acids from fish chewed through cholesterol molecules in the bloodstream and shrank the size of remaining LDL particles by 12 percent.

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JB Williams — 1913 was a VERY Bad Year

It’s hard to imagine how this amendment could have been written any broader, or why 36 states would agree to such an open ended federal power to strip citizens of their rightful earnings via taxation without representation and with literally no boundaries or limits to how far the federal government could and ultimately would go in their effort to buy the votes of some with the assets of others.

Since 1913, the federal tax code has been used as a primary tool of leftist social engineering in which the people have been forced to fund a government they no longer recognize and no longer support. The US Congress has a mere 11% approval rating today and the Executive branch is supported only by the 28% of citizens who benefit personally by the robbing of fellow citizens.

The states are now fiscal dependents of the federal government and the federal government is a twenty trillion pound ape trampling through the rose garden of American life, and nobody seems to have any clue how to reign it all in.

Further, thanks to the passage of the 17th Amendment also passed in 1913, the states no longer have representation in Washington DC. Once again, what seemed like a simple sentence and a good idea to some at the time has since been used by the federal government to eliminate state’s sovereignty and rights.

It is referred to as the “supremacy clause” today, a wholly anti-American notion that the federal government has unlimited “supreme” power over the states and the people. Without states representation in DC due to the 17th Amendment, the Fed is free to run wild and it is.

Prior to the passage of the 17th, the U.S. Senate was the legislative body that represented the interests of the states, namely state sovereignty and state’s rights. The 17th eliminated both by eliminating state’s representation and reducing the Senate to just an extension of the people’s House of Representatives.

The Senate was elected by each state legislature and obligated to serve each state’s interest as a result. Unlike the House of Representatives in which local representatives known by local voters are elected by their neighbors to represent the will of constituents in their home districts – members of the Senate who are not known or accessible to most voters in the state also represent the will of constituents they don’t know and with whom they are no longer in touch. This leaves the state itself unrepresented.


As a result, the federal government is now engaged in running roughshod over state sovereignty and rights as a daily event. The recent situation in Arizona where the Fed sued the state for attempting to enforce existing immigration laws that the Fed refuses to enforce is but one glaring example of federal tyranny made possible by the 17th Amendment.

The Federal Reserve

On the heels of the banking Panic of 1907, Democrats were elected into full control of both congressional chambers. With full control over the legislative process they wasted no time shifting the focus of the federal government from the “enumerated powers” to federal power and social engineering.

The Federal Reserve System was established to provide a stabilizing factor to occasional extreme volatility in the financial markets, usually caused by over-reaching speculative trading by only a handful of eager investors.

The new system emerged from a private sector investment by then 70 year old J.P. Morgan which stalled the growing run on banks caused by the financial trouble of the New York Knickerbocker Trust. JD Rockefeller stepped in to help out, along with a few other well-heeled financiers.

Just as Obama and Democrats are doing today, democrats tried to saddle Republican President Teddy Roosevelt with the blame for the banking panic.

It wasn’t the Federal Government that stopped the run on banks, it was private investors. However, the formation of the Federal Reserve System that followed would once again give the federal government power it could not be trusted to hold.

From that moment forward, it would not be private investors who bailed out failing banks, but American taxpayers. Even worse, there would be no end to the printing of money and accumulation of public debt once the federal government via the Federal Reserve had what would be treated as a bottomless well from which to draw cash.

Beginning in 2001, the Bush administration tried for seven years to convince congressional Democrats including Barney Frank and Christopher Dodd that there was impending trouble with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, but to no avail.

It was the Federal Reserve and American taxpayers who would be held accountable for the misdeeds of Democrat incompetency and a refusal to address the growing mortgage problem until there were no good options left.

In the end, the Obama administration would drive the nation from $10 trillion in debt to $14 trillion in debt in just their first two years in office, with trillions more in unfunded social spending aimed at propping up the failing labor unions that will keep them in political power.

1913 was one of the worst years in American history as the people thereafter became fiscally responsible for the unethical actions of a few in banking and government, the states lost their representation in the Senate, state sovereignty and rights, the Fed grabbed “supreme powers” and the Federal Reserve became the arm of government that would sink the nation in a mountain of debt.

In 2010, Democrats now control both houses of congress, the White House, the press and the courts. What happened in 1913 is nothing compared to what Democrats have in store for America now.

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Before the people and the states can control this nation again, they will have to undo all the damage done in 1913 which allowed further damage to be done during the via FDR’s Raw Socialism Deal.

The 1st – 2nd and 10th Amendment initiatives underway in the states today are necessary due to the events of 1913. Reverse 1913 and most of the problem is easily solved.


1- History of the US tax system
2- Panic of 1907

© 2010 JB Williams – All Rights Reserved

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JB Williams is a business man, a husband, a father, and a writer. A no nonsense commentator on American politics, American history, and American philosophy. He is published nationwide and in many countries around the world. He is also a Founder of Freedom Force USA and a staunch conservative actively engaged in returning the power to the right people in America.

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Can cutting Carbohydrates from your diet make you live longer? | Mail Online

Can cutting carbohydrates from your diet make you live longer?

By Jerome Burne
Last updated at 9:05 AM on 26th October 2010

It’s an extraordinary claim. But scientists say you can extend your life AND stay fit throughout old age – just by a change of diet that switches on your youth gene…

Woman with the youth gene

Professor Kenyon has found out why ­drastically reducing calories has such a remarkable effect

For centuries man has dreamed of being immortal, fixated on tales of magic fountains that restore youth, the rejuvenating power of a vampire’s bite or asses’ milk.

More recently came claims that injections of monkey glands or hormone supplements would make us live longer.

But so far, what’s actually worked are ­medical advances such as vaccines and better living conditions. Over the past century these have boosted average life expectancy by far more than 50 per cent, from 50 to 88.

The problem is that this longevity does not mean a healthier life. Indeed, thanks to chronic diseases such as diabetes and arthritis, we’re becoming like the Struldbruggs — the miserable characters in Gulliver’s Travels who were immortal, but still suffered from all the ­diseases of old age.

Gradually they lost their teeth, their hair, their sense of smell and taste. All their diseases got worse and their memory faded, so they had no idea who their friends and relations were. At funerals they wept because they couldn’t die.

But now a U.S. geneticist is thought to have discovered the secret to a long life, full of health and energy. And the answer might be as simple as cutting down on carbohydrates.

Professor Cynthia Kenyon, whom many experts believe should win the Nobel Prize for her research into ageing, has discovered that the carbohydrates we eat — from bananas and potatoes to bread, pasta, biscuits and cakes — directly affect two key genes that govern youthfulness and longevity.

She made her remarkable breakthrough after studying roundworms, specifically the C.elegans, a worm just a millimetre in size that lives in soil in temperate climates all over the world.

By tweaking some of their genes she has been able to help these worms live up to six times longer than normal. ‘Not only that, but we also know how to make them stay healthy all that time as well,’ she told an audience at the Wellcome Collection in London earlier this month.

So, what do worms have to do with us?

A great deal, it seems. Professor Kenyon’s work has been successfully repeated in labs around the world — the genes she found controlling ageing in worms do the same thing in rats and mice, probably monkeys, and there are signs they are active in humans, too.

This work has revolutionised our understanding of ageing, explains Jeff Holly, professor of clinical sciences at Bristol University.

‘Ten years ago we thought ageing was probably the result of a slow decay, a sort of rusting,’ he says. ‘But Professor Kenyon has shown that it’s not about wear and tear, but instead it is controlled by genes. That opens the possibility of slowing it down with drugs.’

So how does a worm hold the key to human ageing?

At 18 days old the average roundworm is flabby, ­sluggish and wrinkled. Two days later it will probably be dead.

Woman eating bread

The carbohydrates we eat directly affect two key genes that govern youthfulness and longevity

However, Professor Kenyon, based at the University of California, San Francisco, found that damping down the activity of just one of their genes had a dramatic effect.

‘Instead of dying at about 20 days, our first set of mutant worms carried on living to more than 40 days,’ she says.

‘And they weren’t sluggish and worn out — they behaved like youngsters. It was a real shock. In human terms it was the equivalent of talking to someone you thought was about 30 and finding they were actually 60.’

With more sophisticated genetic manipulation, she now has some worms that have lived for an astonishing 144 days. An increase of that proportion would allow humans to live to 450.

Scientists already knew how to make laboratory animals live longer and healthier lives — you just cut back their calories to about three-quarters of their normal amount.

It’s not a practical solution for humans, because you feel cold and hungry all the time.

But what Professor Kenyon found out was why ­drastically reducing calories has such a remarkable effect.

She discovered that it changed the way two crucial genes behaved. It turned down the gene that controls insulin, which in turn switched on another gene, which acted like an elixir of life.

‘We jokingly called the first gene the Grim Reaper because when it’s switched on, the lifespan is fairly short,’ she explains.

The ­second ‘elixir’ gene seems to bring all the anti-ageing benefits — its proper name is DAF 16, but it was quickly nicknamed ‘Sweet Sixteen’ because it turned the worms into teenagers.

‘It sends out instructions to a whole range of repair and renovation genes,’ says Professor Kenyon.

‘Your supply of natural anti­oxidants goes up, damping down damaging free radicals.’

These are the ­compounds produced by our body and the environment, which are linked to a host of diseases from ­cancer to Alzheimer’s.

The Sweet Sixteen gene also ‘boosts compounds that make sure the skin and muscle-building ­proteins are working properly, the immune system becomes more active to fight infection and genes that are active in cancer get turned off,’ she adds.

Kenyon had stumbled on the genetic equivalent of Shangri-La, the fictional valley where people could live for years without really ageing.

Discovering the Grim Reaper gene has prompted the professor to ­dramatically alter her own diet, ­cutting right back on carbohydrates. That’s because carbs make your body produce more insulin (to mop up the extra blood sugar carbs ­produce); and more insulin means a more active Grim Reaper.

So the vital second gene, the ‘elixir’ one, won’t get turned on. To test this, last year she added a tiny amount of ­sugary glucose to the normal diet of some of her worms that had had their genes engineered so they were living much longer, healthier lives.

‘The effect was remarkable,’ she says. ‘The sugary glucose blocked the “youthful” genes and they lost most of the health gains.’

But was this just a special feature of the roundworm or did we all have it?

Following Kenyon’s lead, other researchers started looking for the Grim Reaper/ Sweet Sixteen combination in other animals — and of course in humans. They found it.

One clue came from a small remote community of dwarves living in northern Ecuador who are cancer-free. They are missing the part of the Grim Reaper gene that controls a hormone called insulin-like growth factor. The downside is they only grow to 4ft tall because the hormone is needed for growth.

But this missing bit of the Grim Reaper gene also means they don’t develop cancer and are less likely to suffer from heart disease or obesity.

Professor Jeff Holly, who specialises in insulin-like growth factor, confirms that it is linked to cancer of the prostate, breast and colon.

In fact raised insulin levels, triggered by high carbohydrate ­consumption, could be what ­connects many of our big killers.

Research is at its early stage, but raised insulin triggers an increase in cholesterol production in the liver, makes the walls of blood vessels ­contract so blood pressure goes up and stimulates the release of fats called triglycerides (linked to heart disease).

Professor Kenyon’s work is ­creating a wave of excitement among drug companies who’ve been researching molecules that will damp down the Grim Reaper and boost Sweet ­Sixteen, giving us the benefits of very low-calorie diets without the ­penalties. So far, none is very near being approved.

One way to reduce insulin levels is to exercise, which makes you more sensitive to it, which in turn means you need less of it. It also gives another health benefit in a surprising way. Exercise actually increases the level of damaging free radicals which stimulates the body to produce more protective anti-oxidants.

So should we all be trying to cut back on carbs to reduce our insulin levels?

It is a suggestion that flies in the face of 30 years of health advice to have a lower fat intake and eat plenty of long-lasting complex carbo­hydrates to keep the body supplied with energy.

There is no denying the extra­ordinary breakthrough Kenyon’s work represents and she ‘deserves the Nobel Prize for her findings about ageing’, says David Gems, deputy director of the Institute for Healthy Ageing at University ­College, London.

However he isn’t convinced we know enough for us all to start eating a low-carb diet.

‘The exact role of insulin in health and ageing is a promising and fascinating area,’ he says. ‘But I’m not sure the evidence for the benefit of cutting carbohydrates and keeping insulin levels down is strong enough yet.’

But Professor Kenyon herself doesn’t need convincing.

‘Carbo­hydrates, and especially refined ones like sugar, make you produce lots of extra insulin. I’ve been keeping my intake really low ever since I discovered this.

‘I’ve cut out all starch such as potatoes, noodles, rice, bread and pasta. Instead I have salads, but no sweet dressing, lots of olive oil and nuts, tons of green vegetables along with cheese, chicken and eggs.

‘I’ll have a hamburger without a bun and fish without batter or chips. I eat some fruit every day, but not too much and almost no processed food. I stay away from sweets, except 80 per cent chocolate.’

She is adamant it will be well worthwhile. ‘You could have two completely different careers if you could stay healthy to 90,’ she says. ‘How fascinating that would be.’

Professor Kenyon will talk about her work today on BBC World Service at 10.30am and 10pm.

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“Low carb diets can be potentially very dangerous leading to kidney and heart disease. Just search the web for the pros and cons of low carb diets”.

No they aren’t. For goodness sake – much of the World, til the last few 100 years, ate naturally low carbohydrate diets! If it was THAT bad for them, we wouldn’t be here! We’re running scared all the time by this sort of ‘evidence’.

Only since the advent of concentrated grain culture have starchy carbs been eaten in any quantity. There are still some groups untouched by the Western Diet that eat a very healthy, all-natural diet without processed sugar and carbohydrates. Any carbs they do get are natural & unprocessed.

If we’d eaten a natural REAL FOOD diet from birth, we’d probably have no issue with natural carbs, but the damage the processed stuff and sugar does, means that even natural carbs can be problematic for many.

People are reversing that damage on good naturally low-carb food – how can that be bad????

– Ali, Neath, Wales, 27/10/2010 23:52

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Cutting back dramatically on starchy carbohydrate has certainly had a big effect on my life! So much so that I have totally reversed my Type 2 diabetic condition over the last two years. All my health indicator numbers are now much better than they were at diagnosis ten years ago – and at anytime in between.

These days, the healthcare people would say that I was no longer diabetic by any of the tests that they usually use to diagnose diabetes. They always say that it isn’t possible to ‘cure’ Type 2 diabetes. However, I’m not so sure!

– John, Barnsley, South Yorkshire, 27/10/2010 21:33

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I was surprised to see this article — it hasn’t yet shown up here in the American press; and probably won’t, since low-fat is all the rage here and low-carb is considered a “fad diet” and unhealthful by mainstream media. Low-fat is actually the unhealthy and un-natural fad diet for humans. I lost over 50 pounds on LC and regained my health, reversed pre-diabetes, stopped high blood pressure, high triglycerides and I feel 20 years younger. Plus I can eat my fill and not have to starve myself using “moderation” or “portion control” diets … bleah.

– Mike, TX USA, 27/10/2010 21:28

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I have always been interested in my diet and nutrition but it wasnt until being diagnosed type 2 diabetic that I really looked into it properly. There is no doubt, from my own blood sugar testing, that carbohydrates, especially refined ones are the demons to avoid. Doesnt mean you cant have some occasionally, after all, we need some ‘fuel’ to live but I think our diets have far too much of them. They are cheap stuffing in all sorts of processed/prepared/precooked food to keep the cost down. Whenever you can buy fresh meat & colourful/leafy veg and cook it all at home. It will actually work out cheaper and be more healthier for you. Avoid ‘low fat’ meals and so called ‘diet’ products. They are no good for you at all.

– bruce, london, 27/10/2010 18:56

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It is not the carbs that are the problem but the chemicals that are added to carbs. Most carbs today have been filled with food chemicals that have destroyed the gut insulin.

This is the cause of the diabetes and Obesity crisis in the Western World. CARBS(PURE) ARE THE BEST THING FOR THE BODY!

The diabetes and Obesity crisis can be reversed without drugs


– Robbies, LonDon, 27/10/2010 16:05

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‘So it’s all the delicious stuff that they want you to cut right out’.

Um. Isn’t roast lamb with mxed vegetables delicious? Or Bacon, eggs & sausages?

What you consider delicious is all relative.

There’s no harm in eating what you like – the problem comes when people are eating ONLY what they like ALL the time.

Processed carbs are addictive. They also are very nutritionally deplete. Some carbs, like sugar & white flour products actually give nothing nutritious yet rob the body blind of valuable nutrients.

Even wholegrain, supposedly good for you, is made with stored grain that lost most of its nutrition the 1st day it was ground. Unless grain is ground & used immediately, it has lost much of the nutrition in it that would help us digest it – hence the huge rise in people who are gluten intolerant.

Its ALL about nutrition. The less we get, the sicker we get.

Eat only fresh, natural foods & avoid the processed stuff like the plague – and look up Weston Price.

– Ali, Neath, Wales, 27/10/2010 14:43

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Fran Crippen’s loved ones fight through pain and controversy, but remember the man they lost – ESPN

Twitter: @’+value+’

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Updated: October 27, 2010, 6:29 PM ET

‘Fran Crippen would never give up’


By Bonnie D. Ford

The day Fran Crippen died had the disorienting quality of a mirage for those who loved him. Oceans apart, on the Gulf of Oman shorefront where his lifeless body was lifted from malevolently warm water and at the tidy six-lane, 25-yard pool in suburban Philadelphia where he first learned to be a winner, people tried to grasp what had happened and fell short.

It was unthinkable that Crippen had been lost so close to a finish line, so far from home. With a soldier’s haircut and upright bearing, soulful eyes, a broad inclusive smile and a contagious laugh, he was a charismatic ambassador for the growing sport of open-water swimming. It’s a discipline that demands superb conditioning, a steely mindset, the occasional sharp elbow, great peripheral vision and vigilance. Crippen, 26, had all of those traits, accompanied by bottomless generosity.

[+] EnlargeCrippen family

Courtesy of Dick ShoulbergFran Crippen and his family had a strong connection with Germantown Academy. Pictured here from 2004: sister Maddy, mother Pat, coach Dick Shoulberg, Fran, sisters Claire and Theresa, and father Pete.

Ten years ago, when his older sister Maddy qualified for the Sydney Olympics in the 400-meter individual medley, Crippen positioned himself at the end of her lane so he could reach down and be the first to embrace her. At his high school and home training base, Germantown Academy, Crippen helped elderly ladies manage the steps of the pool ladder and coaxed preschoolers into bobbing alongside him. At the Pan Pacific Championships last summer, he reversed direction on the course to aid a friend depleted by a stomach bug, drafted him back to safety in his wake, then forged ahead and won the silver medal.

Crippen consistently finished among the leaders in international events, so that same friend, former Harvard swimmer Alex Meyer, sensed something was very wrong Saturday at high noon as he squinted into the blinding glare off the water in Fujairah, the easternmost outpost of the United Arab Emirates, trying to locate swimmer No. 39.

Everyone else had staggered in, including the women, who had started five minutes behind the men on the same 10-kilometer course in the brutal heat blanketing the final World Cup event of the season. Another American swimmer, Christine Jennings, later told Meyer she had stopped during the race, dizzy and vomiting, convinced she couldn’t continue. She waved her arms in distress. No one responded, and there were no support boats in sight. She rolled over on her back for a moment, then decided she had no other option but to finish and fought to stay afloat the rest of the way. She was taken straight to a local hospital.

“To think that Fran could have possibly been yelling and screaming and waving and trying to get somebody to come help him just makes me sick,” Meyer said by phone Tuesday from his home in Cambridge, Mass.

Meyer was the one who began railing at officials after Crippen went missing and organized other swimmers to search for him. “It wasn’t until 45 minutes after the men finished that there were people from the race helping us, and two hours until the rescue divers came,” he said. “There was clearly lack of communication, a lack of necessary safety procedures. Really, complete neglect is what it was.”

Thousands of miles away, a sense of unease tugged longtime Germantown Academy coach Dick Shoulberg awake before dawn. He had taken his BlackBerry to bed, knowing Crippen would call or text him at 5 a.m. with his result. He received a call from the Fujairah event, from another U.S. swimmer’s father, near-incoherent with grief.

Shoulberg has known Fran’s parents Pete and Pat since Maddy, now 30, enrolled in one of his clinics as an 8-year-old. He drove to their home preparing to try to comfort them, aware that he was in a total state of shock himself.

“My mind wouldn’t engage in this craziness,” he said, perched on a stool on the Germantown Academy pool deck two days later with the slightest trace of red rimming his eyes. “I’ve had former swimmers killed in automobile accidents, and unfortunately I’ve had former swimmers commit suicide, but I’ve never had a swimmer drown. It never crossed my mind.

“I walked the trails yesterday where he would run, and I said, ‘Where the hell are you? Stop the joke.'”

Reconstructing Crippen’s final moments might be an elusive task, but his family and friends are determined to reconstruct the circumstances that allowed him to slip beneath the surface of the calm water unnoticed.

[+] EnlargeDick Shoulberg

Bonnie D. FordGermantown Academy swim coach Dick Shoulberg still has a photo of Fran Crippen on his desk in his pool office.

In the hours after the race, organizers insisted the event had been run properly. Crippen’s autopsy results have yet to be released, but his family has already said they will have their own medical team examine him before he is buried in his hometown of Conshohocken, Pa., on Saturday.

Both FINA, swimming’s international governing body, and USA Swimming, the national federation, have pledged to conduct full investigations. FINA officials are supposed to work with local race organizers to enforce safety standards. Under current FINA rules, there is a minimum water temperature for competitions but no maximum, and there is no specific requirement for a ratio of safety boats to swimmers. Those issues are sure to be subjects of intense debate as the investigations proceed.

But Meyer, Jennings and German swimmer Jan Wolfgarten — an experienced open-water competitor who finished the race — have bluntly stated there was an inadequate safety net for athletes in Fujairah.

“So many mistakes can’t go by without any consequences,” Wolfgarten said. “It’s already terrible enough Fran had to lose his life, but at least learn from it.”

Crippen himself had been lobbying USA Swimming officials to provide more staffing at faraway open-water events. Maddy, who has the same force of spirit as her brother, said her family intends to make sure that Fran’s death results in potentially life-saving changes.

“Once Fran is back in the United States and laid to rest, we’re going to brain-dump,” she said Monday. “He has a ton of friends that were involved in the race, so we’re all going to get together and figure out what happened, and then we’re going to figure out how to fix it. That’s the goal, and we’re going to kick that into action as soon as we all celebrate his life.”

In the meantime, like distance swimmers, Crippen’s loved ones may have to fight through considerable pain to get to the other side.

Adaptability is key to open-water swimming — the ability to deal with changing currents, wind, temperature variations, uneven lodging and food and the vagaries of event organization. Swimmers say conditions on the eight-event World Cup circuit, where top prize money for each race is $2,500, can vary wildly from country to country. Meyer and Crippen had roomed together on the road since getting to know each other at the 2009 World Championships in Rome, where Crippen won a bronze medal. They arrived in Dubai last week only to be informed that the race venue had changed and they would need to take a three-hour bus ride to Fujairah.

According to Meyer, the technical meeting held the night before the race — where swimmers are informed about everything from safety procedures to anti-doping controls — lasted only five minutes, a fraction of the usual time, and there was a language barrier. The 22-year-old Meyer thought the session was “weird” but admits he has never dwelled much on the infrastructure of World Cup races.

“They all kind of seem like they’re thrown together at the last second on a nickel and a dime,” he said. “As an athlete, I’ve never been to a race and been sitting there thinking, ‘Are there enough lifeguards, are there enough safety boats, enough and properly equipped ambulances in case something happens to me?’ You’re more concerned about the task at hand.”

No matter what the conditions were, he was always ready to race. He was motivated beyond what words can describe. He was a ferocious competitor. He was the most wonderful man I’ve ever met.

— Swimmer Caitlin Regan, who had been dating Fran Crippen since last year

The racing was set to begin at 10 a.m. and end approximately two hours later with the sun at its apex. Swimmers had found the water steamy the night before when they previewed the triangular course where they would plow through five 2-kilometer (1.2-mile) laps marked by buoys. Meyer, still recovering from a recent appendectomy, decided to withdraw, hoping to feel better in time for a 15-kilometer Grand Prix event in a few days. He and Jack Fabian, a swim coach from New Hampshire whose daughter Eva is the 5-kilometer world champion, constituted the unofficial support crew for the U.S. athletes.

In the air-conditioned tent near the start, Crippen swigged Gatorade and stuffed his suit with packets of protein gel. German swimmers Thomas Lurz, who would eventually win the race, and Wolfgarten had prepared by rising at 7 a.m. and drinking more than a gallon of fluids apiece. But once the race started, those preventive measures seemed futile. The 28-year-old Wolfgarten struggled as his fingers and hands swelled up in water temperatures he put in the high 80s and ambient air that was in the 90s. A number of the 55 men in the field quickly lost contact with the main pack and strung out behind, isolated, like flags on the tail of a kite.

Wolfgarten said he never saw Crippen during the race, but Lurz told him he took note of the American on the third lap. Both Meyer and Wolfgarten also spoke with Fabian, who could not be reached for comment by The swimmers said Fabian told them he gave Crippen food and fluids at the last feeding station, about 500 yards into the final lap. Crippen told the coach he didn’t feel well and couldn’t hydrate sufficiently for the conditions.

The two swimmers also agree that they saw only two boats — one leading the men’s race and one leading the women’s — and two Jet Skis patrolling the course. By contrast, at the most recent European championships, Wolfgarten said there were 10 or 15 boats. At other big events, volunteers often paddle alongside the course in kayaks or on surfboards. In another apparent safety lapse, the usual means for counting swimmers — collecting their credentials as they enter the water — were not used.

Meyer, waiting near the finish with a FlipCam to film at Crippen’s request, felt mounting alarm after the women’s race had concluded and he still hadn’t located his friend. But the environment of an open-water race is frequently fragmented, and Meyer thought Crippen might have been disqualified or picked up on the course. He approached race officials and inquired about Crippen but got no answer. He asked them to radio the referee; they said they didn’t have radios. Finally, Meyer commandeered a Jet Ski and toured the course. “I didn’t see him swimming, and that’s when I really got freaked,” he said.

When Meyer told the swimmers — all in varying states of exhaustion — that Crippen was unaccounted for, many of them popped their goggles back into place and re-entered the soup-like water. Wolfgarten searched the sandy bottom on the shallow part of the course with rivals from South Africa, New Zealand and the Netherlands.

“Everyone was trying to help, but it was just too late,” Wolfgarten said. “It was very mixed feelings. I wanted to help and find him. At one point, I was pretty certain that I was diving for a dead body, and that wasn’t easy. That’s not the job of a swimmer to go and dive after somebody that way, but we all did it because we had a little faith left.”

[+] EnlargeGermantown Academy recordboard

Bonnie D. FordNo one has been able to match Fran Crippen’s time in the 500-yard freestyle at Germantown Academy.

By Meyer’s estimation, professional divers arrived somewhere between 90 minutes and two hours after the men’s race had ended, and the swimmers were ordered out of the water. Crippen’s body was discovered minutes later, about 500 yards from the finish. Meyer watched the rescue boat approach the shore in what felt like slow motion and caught a glimpse of Crippen lying on his back with one arm flung over his face, his goggles still on.

“I couldn’t imagine that would actually happen to Fran,” Meyer said. “Of all people, I mean, Fran?”

Even the strongest of young men are not equipped for such sights. As the body was covered and about to be loaded into an ambulance, Meyer snapped and shoved his way through a small crowd to the stretcher.

“I was hysterical and frantic, and I was yelling, ‘Fran, can you hear me, buddy? Are you OK, buddy?'” he said. “I pulled the sheet down off his face. His lips were white. The sides of his nose were really white. It was pretty terrible.”

Wolfgarten watched from a distance, but Tuesday, his voice was laced with anger when he talked about Crippen’s passing.

“It took two hours to find his body,” said Wolfgarten, who began competing in open water events five years ago. “I have a lot of trouble with that. I don’t want to be the one who’s talking bad about FINA, but I think a lot of things could have been done better, in all honesty.”

When Wolfgarten heard about Jennings’ close call — which the American swimmer recounted this week to The Washington Post — his tone grew even harsher: “That’s terrible. That should never, ever, ever, ever have happened. They say in the technical meetings, ‘If you have trouble, raise your hand, somebody will be there to assist you.’ If she raises her hand and nobody’s coming, that is definitely 100 percent the problem of the organizers. Why say it if you’re not going to do it?”

Meyer is trying to let good memories replace the awful images of last weekend. He keeps watching a FlipCam video of himself and Crippen on a trip a few weeks ago, laughing uncontrollably over something small. But Meyer also finds himself thinking about the time Crippen swam backwards on the course to make sure he was all right. “I just wish I could have been there for him in the same way,” Meyer said.

The varsity swimmers at Germantown Academy knew something was amiss when they got a text from Shoulberg canceling Saturday practice. Shoulberg, a self-described benign dictator who started coaching at the prestigious prep school 42 years ago, never scrubs a training session. Inevitably, word of Crippen’s death began to spread on the Internet. Sixteen-year-old junior Arthur Frayler, an open-water prodigy mentored by Crippen, arrived at the pool early in the afternoon, joining a few dozen girls and boys huddled on the deck in silence occasionally broken by the sound of weeping.

Forty-six kids showed up for Sunday’s optional team practice. Eight or nine boys shared Crippen’s usual space, Lane 6, but only after going to a nearby convenience store to buy a cup of coffee, which they placed in the corner where Crippen usually nursed his java. The atmosphere was respectful, workmanlike. Since everyone was in the water, it might have been hard to tell who remained dry-eyed.

A composed Frayler wore his Team USA sweats to school Monday and spoke about Crippen’s influence on him, shifting between past and present tense. He said he aims to make the 2012 Olympic team and will dedicate his training to Crippen.

“He always taught me to ‘sight’, to look at what’s going on around you,” Frayler said. “You have to notice, OK, maybe the pack will start heading one way; you don’t want to just swim behind them not knowing what’s going on. You want to see the buoy and decide on your own what’s the best path to get there. At Pan Pacs, I saw Fran take off. And I said, ‘If Fran’s going, I’m going.’ If I wouldn’t have done that, I wouldn’t have finished top-five.”

[+] EnlargeCrippen

Bonnie D. FordSwimmers at Germantown Academy were paying tribute to Fran Crippen at the pool this week.

Crippen relished traveling the world. He formed strong bonds as a multiple All-American at the University of Virginia and at the famous Mission Viejo Nadadores swim club in Southern California, where he trained before the 2008 Olympic Trials. But he always returned to Germantown Academy, the nexus of his birth family and his swimming clan. After he missed making the 2008 Olympic team, the worst setback of his career, he told Shoulberg he wanted to coach there for a season. He refused to accept any money, reminding Shoulberg that he and his three sisters all received Division I scholarships thanks to the coach’s tough-love nurturing.

“He gave me such a wonderful gift coming back here,” Shoulberg said.

Maddy Crippen thinks full-time teaching was where Fran was headed someday. “He made sure I committed myself and lived up to those commitments,” she said. “He held himself to a high standard and expected me and my sisters to do the same, and if we didn’t, we heard it from him. That’s why we always said he’d be a great coach, because he wasn’t afraid to yell at you, in a good way.”

Last year, Crippen began dating high school friend and fellow swimmer, Villanova graduate Caitlin Regan. The two were supposed to meet in Rome for a vacation after the World Cup. Regan never boarded the plane. This week, like many close to Crippen, she spoke warmly and bravely, seemingly imbued with his fortitude.

Regan described Crippen’s passion for helping younger swimmers improve, for his family, and for Sunday brunch, where the couple would split three full plates of pancakes and eggs. She watched in wonderment when Crippen ran the New York City Marathon last fall in under three hours, after training for only a few weeks. When Fran was away, the two talked on iChat, and he would hoist his laptop toward a window so the embedded camera could capture the view.

“No matter what the conditions were, he was always ready to race,” Regan said. “He was motivated beyond what words can describe. He was a ferocious competitor. He was the most wonderful man I’ve ever met.”

She wants to understand what happened in Crippen’s last swim, but then again, she feels she already has the answer. “I know in my heart that he would never give up,” she said, her voice catching. “Deep down, I know he was just trying to finish the race. That’s Fran. That’s why I love him so much. That’s what’s keeping me at peace.”

A few months ago, at the World Championships in Quebec, Crippen and Eva Fabian took time to talk about the joys of open-water swimming with some teenage Canadian swimmers. The presentation appeared to be over, the kids were clapping and the host coach had leaned over to shake Crippen’s hand when he signaled that he wasn’t done. He then delivered a soliloquy about sport and relationships.

“Maybe when I’m an old man like Paul Asmuth over there,” Crippen concluded, singling out a U.S. coach, “I don’t know if I’ll remember my races, but I’ll remember my friends.”

Life didn’t grant Fran Crippen the privilege of finding out whether he was right, but in the short time he had, he made himself unforgettable.

Bonnie D. Ford covers tennis and Olympic sports for She can be reached at

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